Martial Arts Comparison

  Shotokan Karate Aikido Kung Fu Judo Tae Kwan Do T'ai Chi
Origin  Japan Japan China Japan Korea China

Trans-lation

Pine waves house

Open Hand
The way of harmony with universal energy Human effort The way of greatness The way of the hand and foot Supreme ultimate fist

Tech- niques

Hand and foot strikes and sweeps

Speed, power, timing, balance

Control, throwing

Quick decisive move- ments

Posture, guard, hand and foot attacks

Speed, power
Grappling, throwing, joint lock- ing

Speed, finesse
Mostly foot attack, some hand, joint locking, point striking

Speed, power, timing
Push hands

Slow connected movement

Weapons

Sometimes Sometimes Yes No Sometimes Yes

Concen-tration

Defense, offense, control Defense Defense, offense Defense Defense Fitness, stress relief

Philos- ophy

Character building Harmony within and without Perfection of one's skill Alertness, security, self- dicipline Balance of mind, body, and spirit Moderation in all things